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Hinduism 101 : Everthing You Need to Know

hinduism 101

hinduism 101

Hinduism 101, widely revered as one of the oldest religions on Earth, boasts an extensive and complex history dating back millennia. It can be traced to 2500 BCE when Indus Valley civilization flourished between what are now modern-day India and Pakistan – although some scholars maintain its origins may go even deeper back.

Hinduism itself is relatively recent; coined during colonial era to describe religious and cultural practices prevalent across Indian subcontinent. Hindus refer to their faith as Sanatana Dharma or eternal tradition to emphasize its permanence and importance.

Hinduism was profoundly shaped by two cultural forces: Indus Valley civilisation and Indo-Aryan migration into India around 1500 BCE. Their interaction had profound ramifications on its development.

The Indus Valley civilization, famed for its sophisticated urban planning, trade networks, and distinctive script, left behind seals and artifacts which suggest reverence for fertility goddesses as well as reverence for nature. While details regarding religious practices of this civilization remains debated today, their legacy appears to have integrated seamlessly with those of Indo-Aryans over time.

Indo-Aryans brought with them religious and philosophical ideas which helped form Hinduism into what we know it today. Their religious texts such as Vedas formed the cornerstones of Indian religious philosophy.

Sanatan Dharm Kitna Purana Hai : How Old is Sanatana Dharma?

Pre-Vedic Period (Before 1500 BCE):

Vedic Period (1500 BCE – 500 BCE):

Upanishadic Period (800 BCE to 400 BCE):

Brahmanical Period (504 BCE to 200 CE):

Classical Period (200 CE – 1200 CE):

Medieval Period (1200 – 1700 CE):

Bhakti Movement: Devotional movements such as Bhakti have gained in prominence over time. Their emphasis is to establish personal links to God regardless of social status; their Islamic impact results in cultural mixing as the subcontinent is under Islamic rule which promotes syncretism and cultural exchanges with India’s neighbors.

Modern Period (1700 CE – Present):

Contemporary Times (21st Century):

Hinduism has an enormous global reach due to immigration and globalization; therefore its diaspora continues to expand globally. Utilising this time-line, users can learn about Sanatana Dharma from its beginning right up until today and its growth over time.

The Vedas : Hinduism 101

Pillars of Hinduism The Vedas, one of Hinduism’s central scriptures, contain hymns and rituals passed orally down through generations before being written down in Sanskrit for safekeeping. There are four primary Vedas.

The Vedas provide not only religious knowledge but also give an insight into the early Indo-Aryan way of life and worldview. Their texts depict relationships between gods and humans as well as ritual practices and seeking knowledge as part of everyday life in ancient India.


Hinduism is widely revered for its rich philosophical traditions, each providing distinctive approaches to answering fundamental questions about life, reality, and ourselves. Of the six classical schools of Hindu philosophy that comprise this discipline, three stand out as particularly influential:

The Bhagavad Gita


Hinduism is not one-dimensional but instead offers various paths towards spiritual realization known as Yogas that cater to diverse spiritual inclinations and understanding. Four primary Yogas have gained widespread recognition:

Hindu Deities

Hindu Deities Hinduism’s pantheon of deities is vast and expansive, featuring thousands of gods and goddesses representing various aspects of divinity. Unfortunately it would be impossible to cover them all here but below are a few noteworthy Hindu deities:

The Intricacies of Caste Systems

Caste has long been an important feature of Hindu society and often draws scrutiny and debate. This system divides society into distinct castes with each caste assigned specific responsibilities within society – here are four primary castes in India:

Modern Perspectives and Challenges


One of the primary goals of Hindu life is seeking moksha or liberation from birth-death-and-rebirth cycles known as “samsara.” Moksha represents ultimate spiritual realization and union with divinity while ending an eternity cycle of suffering and desire.

Moksha can take different forms, depending on a Hindu’s philosophy or practice; meditation and contemplation may offer one path while devotion may lead to others. But regardless of which route one chooses to reach moksha remains central to Hindu spirituality.

Hindu cosmology perceives time and reality as being subject to cycles known as yugas; each has distinct traits and moral properties which reflect changes in human virtue and righteousness over time.

Each yuga is thought to last several thousand years; Kali Yuga being the briefest and most unruly. According to Hindu cosmology, each yuga represents an opportunity for creation, preservation, and eventual devastation within our global civilization.


Hinduism places great value on maintaining an equilibrium of “dharma,” often translated as “duty” or “righteousness,” to sustain cosmic order and its harmony. Dharma encompasses ethical and moral duties which individuals, depending on their caste, age or social role must fulfil to uphold cosmic harmony. Adherence to this code maintains harmony across universe.


Hinduism’s Global Reach


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